Howe's campaign was controversial because, although he captured the American capital of Philadelphia, he proceeded slowly and did not aid the concurrent campaign of John Burgoyne further north, which ended in disaster at Saratoga for the British, and brought France into the war. Philadelphia Police Officer Dies After Battle With Coronavirus. This brilliant tactic by General Howe proved to be successful as the Continental Army was forced to retreat. General Conway asked for a military promotion from Congress because of his self-described exemplary military skill, while simultaneously criticizing Washington's blunders at the Battle of Our FOX 29 family is mourning the loss of Clarence Cousar, one of our beloved security guards. Read full article. Despite all of this, the British abandoned Philadelphia the next summer, on June 18, 1778. Taking up positions along Brandywine Creek, Washington mistakenly believed that his army blocked all fords across the Brandywine. Conway's motives in proposing such a bold move are questionable. Howe's decision to not assist Burgoyne may have been rooted in Howe's perception that Burgoyne would receive credit for a successful campaign, even if it required Howe's help; this would not help Howe's reputation, as the Philadelphia expedition would if it succeeded. For reasons that are not entirely clear, General Howe moved a sizable army to Somerset Court House, south of New Brunswick. Lord Cornwallis After a prolonged defense of the river by Commodore John Hazelwood and the Continental and Pennsylvania Navies, the British finally secured the river by taking forts Mifflin and Mercer in mid-November (although the latter was not taken until after a humiliating repulse). Stephen W Battle is listed as an Owner with Swb in Pennsylvania. "[8] Germain acknowledged that this plan was particularly "well digested", but it called for more men than Germain was prepared to provide. Washington harried the British army all the way across New Jersey, and forced a battle at Monmouth Court House that was one of the largest battles of the war. Meanwhile, the British needed to open a supply route along the Delaware River to support their occupation of Philadelphia. [3] Germain's approval of Howe's expedition included the expectation that Howe would be able to assist Burgoyne, effecting a junction at Albany between the forces of Burgoyne and troops that Howe would send north from New York City. Leaving a small force under Major General Henry Clinton at New York, he embarked 13,000 men on transports and sailed south. was hoping to force an encounter with the British army. [4], Howe decided by early April against taking his army overland to Philadelphia through New Jersey, as this would entail a difficult crossing of the broad Delaware River under hostile conditions, and it would likely require the transportation or construction of the necessary watercraft. General Washington positioned 11,000 men between Howe and Philadelphia but was outflanked and driven back at the Battle of Brandywine on September 11, 1777 and suffered over 1,000 casualties, and the British lost about half that number.[16]. "[13] Along the same lines Don Higginbotham concludes that in Howe's view, "[The Hudson River campaign] was Burgoyne's whole show, and consequently he [Howe] wanted little to do with it. Created by M. Asli Dukan. From there, he advanced northward toward Philadelphia. Nonetheless, the Continental capitol had been captured and occupied. 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